b. 07/05/1854 New York. d. 18/09/1916 Washington DC.
DATE OF MOH ACTION: 01/07/1898 near Santiago, Cuba.
Albert L. Mills was born in New York City. He was appointed to West Point, graduating with the class of 1879. He joined the 1st United States Cavalry after graduation, serving on the American frontier, alternating between being a cavalry instructor and participating in the conflicts with the Plains Indians. In 1886, he was posted as an instructor at the Citadel. Mills receive a promotion to first lieutenant in 1889.
After the Spanish–American War began in 1898, he was promoted to a captain of volunteers, and served as assistant adjutant general of the 2nd Cavalry Brigade. He received the Medal of Honor for his bravery at the Battle of San Juan Hill near Santiago, Cuba, on July 1, 1898. Though shot through the head, and temporarily blinded, he continued to command his men. He was absent from duty until August 1898 while recovering from the effects of his wounds.
After recovering from his wounds and returning to duty, President William McKinley appointed him as the superintendent at West Point, a posting that advanced him from his Regular Army rank of first lieutenant to the rank of colonel. He served as superintendent until August 1906, receiving a promotion to brigadier general in January 1904. During his long term at West Point, he initiated numerous changes, including suppression of hazing, and the expansion of the size of the academy. After the academy, he served in the Philippines and as president of the Army War College at the Washington Barracks. He later served as chief of the Division of Militia Affairs from 1912 to 1916, being promoted to major general in July of the latter year. General Mills was struck ill and died suddenly while serving as chief of the Militia Bureau, on September 18, 1916. Mills is buried at the West Point Cemetery at the United States Military Academy.
Distinguished gallantry in encouraging those near him by his bravery and coolness after being shot though the head and entirely without sight.
BURIAL LOCATION: US MILITARY ACADEMY CEMETERY, WEST POINT, NEW YORK.
SECTION IV, ROW E, GRAVE 77.
LOCATION OF MEDAL: BELIEVED TO BE FAMILY.