The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier of Italy is a war memorial located in Rome under the statue of the goddess Roma at the Altare della Patria. It is a sacellum dedicated to the Italian soldiers killed and missing during war.
It is the scene of official ceremonies that take place annually on the occasion of the Italian Liberation Day (April 25), the Italian Republic Day (June 2) and the National Unity and Armed Forces Day (November 4), during which the President of the Italian Republic and the highest offices of the State pay homage to the shrine of the Unknown Soldier with the deposition of a laurel wreath in memory of the fallen and missing Italians in the wars.
By virtue of a joint resolution of Congress, approved 12 October 1921, the Medal of Honor, emblem of the highest ideals and virtues, is bestowed in the name of Congress of the United States upon the unknown, unidentified Italian soldier to be buried in the National Monument to Victor Emanuel II, in Rome.
Whereas the Congress has authorized the bestowal of the Congressional Medal of Honor upon the unknown, unidentified British and French soldiers buried in Westminster Abbey, London, England and the Arc de Triomphe, Paris, France, respectfully, who fought beside our soldiers in the recent war; and
Whereas, animated by the same spirit of friendship toward the soldiers of Italy who also fought as comrades of the American soldiers during the World War, we desire to add whatever we can to the imperishable glory won by their deeds and to participate by paying tribute to their unknown dead: Now therefore,
Be it resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, that the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized to bestow, with appropriate ceremonies, military and civil, the Congressional Medal of Honor upon the unknown unidentified Italian soldier to be buried in the National Monument to Victor Emanuel II, in Rome, Italy (A.G. 220.523) (War Department General Orders, No. 52, 1 December 1922, Sec. III).
LOCATION OF MEDAL: TOMB OF THE UNKNOWN SOLDIER, PIAZZA VENEZIA, ROME, ITALY.