b. 25/05/1923 Kapurthala, India. d. 18/03/1945 Meiktila, Burma.
Karamjeet Singh Judge (1923-1945) was born on 25th May 1923 in Kapurthala, India, the son of the Chief of Police. Karamjeet became a member of the the Indian National Congress Party. he regarded his brother Ajeet Singh Judge as a traitor for joining the Royal Indian Artillery. He seems to have been persuaded to join the army rather than continue political studies at Lahore College. Thus, he enrolled for Officer Training School, Bangalore. He opted to join the Pioneer corps to get near the Burma frontline. At his brother’s written request, he was accepted by 15th Punjab Regiment.
He was commissioned as an infantry subaltern at Ambala, before transfer to 39th Indian Division Nearing an important moment in the war, when the allies were about to launch the largest counter-offensive of the war so far, he arrived with 4th Battalion into the British 14th Army to make the drive for Rangoon. General Slim’s masterful strategy was simple: to divide the japaneseforces on a railway junction at Meiktila. The ensuing battles were among the most savage and bitter of the Second World War. The brilliant thrust captured the garrison town that controlled the crossing over the Irrawaddy River. The Japanese launched a series of counter-attacks to desperately try to keep the road to Mandalay open for their retreat. Myingyan became an important river-head supply base.
4/15th were part of Lt-Col Hubert Conroy’s 33 Brigade whose job was to clear the forest in a traiangle aorund Nyaunga bridgehead. South of Nyaunga they attacked Sindewa, a heavily defended japanese position in the jungle, thick with trees. There were extensive minefields. On 18th March 1945 during the Battle of Meiktila in Burma (now Myanmar), he was ordered to capture a cotton mill. The assault began with an attack on the strategic river Port of Myingan.
By all accounts even before receiving the posthumous award, Singh was a brave soldier. Always eager to engage in actions he confided in c/o 4/15th Major Johnny Whitmarsh-Knight his desire for glory. They arrived on 17th March 1945. The following morning the Jat Company comprising Indian soldiers was to spearhead the assault. They were supported by the Sherman tanks of No 2 Troop, C Squadron, 116 Regiment (Gordon Highlanders), Royal Armoured Corps, commanded by Lt Hugh Baker.
Time and again the infantry were held up by heavy medium machine gun and small arms fire from bunkers not seen by the tanks. On every such occasion Lieutenant Karamjeet Singh Judge, without hesitation and with a complete disregard for his own personal safety, coolly went forward through heavy fire to recall the tanks by means of the house telephone. Cover around the tanks was nonexistent, but Lieutenant Karamjeet Singh Judge remained completely regardless not only of the heavy small arms fire directed at him, but also of the extremely heavy shelling directed at the tanks. Lieutenant Karamjeet Singh Judge succeeded in recalling the tanks to deal with bunkers which he personally indicated to the tanks, thus allowing the infantry to advance. In every case Lieutenant Karamjeet Singh Judge personally led the infantry in charges against the bunkers and was invariably first to arrive. On one occasion, while he was going into the attack, two Japanese suddenly rushed at him from a small nullah with fixed bayonets. At a distance of only 10 yards he killed both.
About fifteen minutes before the battle finished, a last nest of three bunkers was located, which were very difficult for the tanks to approach. An enemy light machine gun was firing from one of them and holding up the advance of the infantry. Undaunted, Lieutenant Karamjeet Singh Judge directed one tank to within 20 yards of the above bunker at great personal risk and then threw a smoke grenade as a means of indication. After some minutes of fire, Lieutenant Karamjeet Singh Judge, using the house telephone again, asked the tank commander to cease fire while he went in with a few men to mop up. He then went forward and got within 10 yards of the bunker, when the enemy light machine gun opened fire again, mortally wounding Lieutenant Karamjeet Singh Judge in the chest. By this time, however, the remaining men of the section were able to storm this strong point, and so complete a long and arduous task.
Karamjeet Singh Judge was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross on 3rd July 1945, and the medal was presented to his family. His medals are not publicly held. His body was not recovered from the battlefield, and he is commemorated on the Rangoon Memorial in Taukkyan War Cemetery, Burma.
LOCATION OF MEDAL: NOT PUBLICLY HELD.
BURIAL PLACE: NO KNOWN GRAVE – ON RANGOON MEMORIAL, BURMA. COLUMN 25.
Mohan Judge – Image of Karamjeet Singh Judge VC medal.