William Henry Longshore MOH

b. 18/02/1841 Zanesville, Ohio. d. 20/12/1909 Fort Scott, Kansas.

DATE OF MOH ACTION: 22/05/1863 Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient. Born Muskingum County, Ohio, he served as a Private in Company D, 30th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, enlisting at Columbus, Ohio on August 16, 1861. He would go on to be awarded the CMOH for his bravery at Vicksburg, Mississippi on May 22, 1863. His citation simply reads “Gallantry in the charge of the “volunteer storming party.” On the day in question 150 men were called to volunteer to make a “forlorn hope” diversionary charge on the Confederate position known as the Stockade Redan – a charge that was intended to draw fire away from the real planned attack, and a charge no one was expected to return from (to this end, only unmarried men were accepted as volunteers). After charging an open plain in full view of the Confederates, the withering fire was such that most of the volunteers were cut down, and those that made it through the fire sought shelter in a ravine under the Redan. There they stayed and fought until nightfall, when the survivors made their way to return to the Union lines, Private Longshore being one of them (85 percent of the men who made the charge did not make it back). He served through the end of the war, and was honorably mustered out at Little Rock, Arkansas on August 13, 1865. He was awarded his Medal on August 10, 1894, thirty one years after he played his part at Vicksburg.



Gallantry in the charge of the “volunteer storming party.”



SECTION 12, LOT 120.